Institute for Economic and Social Research – Faculty of Economics and Business – Universitas Indonesia

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Head:
Prani Sastiono, Ph.D.

Economics in health, financial inclusion and digital finance, economic development and behavioral economics.

Digital Transformation and Behavioral Studies (DTBS)

The overall aim of the research group is to study the development of digital economy in Indonesia as well as studying the behavior of economic agents using experimental methods. Throughout the years, our studies have been used to inform, support and evaluate policymaking in the areas of digital ecosystems, most notably e-commerce, financial inclusion, and payment system, among others.

Featured Projects

Here are some of the featured publications from this research study:

Project NameClient NameSummary
Price WaterHouse Cooper (PWC)
The Economic Impact of Screen Industries in Indonesia (Netflix)
The screen industry plays a significant role in various countries, particularly in driving economic growth. This contribution is inseparable from the rapid development of investments in the screen industry. The study "The Economic Impact of the Screen Industry in Indonesia" is specifically aimed at understanding how the screen industry contributes to the Indonesian economy. The modeling uses a multiplier effect approach with two impact transmissions: the direct impact of the screen industry and the indirect impact of transactions in the screen industry on other economic sectors. Economic impact calculations are conducted on two sub-sectors of the creative economy used as proxies for the screen industry: the Film, Animation, and Video sub-sector, as well as the TV and Radio sub-sector, which are included in the Creative Economy Statistics of the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy.

Based on the multiplier figures for these sub-sectors, the study finds that an additional investment of IDR1 billion in the Film, Animation, and Video sub-sector can increase the national economic output by IDR1.38 billion. Similarly, in the TV and Radio sub-sector, a IDR1 billion increase in investment can result in a IDR1.43 billion increase in the value of the national economic output. Overall, the economic impact of the screen industry is projected to reach IDR364 trillion in economic output, IDR228 trillion in GDP, and 959 thousand job opportunities by 2027. These estimates of economic impact indicate that increased investment can create significant benefits for the Indonesian economy as a whole.
Kominfo
Penyusunan Dan Pengukuran Indeks Transformasi Digital Nasional
Digital transformation, defined as a shift in how companies leverage technology to develop new digital business models and create added value, is one of the key success factors for Indonesia's long-term development. Although Indonesia generally has significant potential in the digital economy, digital transformation is a broad, gradual concept involving various actors in digitization. This study aims to calculate and analyze the National Digital Transformation Index (TDN) of Indonesia at the provincial and national levels for the period 2018-2022. The calculation of the national Digital Transformation Index (TDN) is an effort to measure the progress of digital transformation at the national and provincial levels as a basis for effective and inclusive government decision-making and policies to support the success of Indonesia's national development.

The TDN calculation is based on the Digital Transformation Index (DTI) framework from the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). TDN evaluates Indonesia's level of adaptation, both at the national and provincial levels, to digital technology comprehensively, considering five pillars: Network and Infrastructure, Government, Business, Society, and Ecosystem, as well as three stages of digital transformation: Foundation, Adoption, and Acceleration. Data forming the National Digital Transformation Index (TDN) comes from secondary sources from government and private institutions and primary sources, including household surveys, company surveys, regional government data, and Ministry/Agency data.

The study finds that at the national level, there is an increase in the TDN Index score from year to year. The highest increase occurred during the period from 2019 to 2020 as a result of the global pandemic situation. Looking ahead, although the TDN index score for the foundation stage is relatively high, it is a priority for Indonesia to increase foreign investment, especially those driving innovation, worker productivity, research and development spending, and technology value-added to transform the Business pillar, which has the lowest score. At the provincial level, the study finds that all provinces experienced an increase in TDN Index scores during the period 2018-2022, reflecting digital transformation progress across all provinces. DKI Jakarta is the province with the highest TDN Index score during the analysis period. The study suggests key improvements for digital transformation at the provincial level, including promoting new technology investment, streamlining licensing processes, fiscal incentives, legal protection, and government-university-private sector collaboration.

Past Research Projects

Here are some of the latest publications from this research study:

Working YearsClient NameProject NameWorking Time (In days)
2023-2024Go ToGo To's Comprehensive Impacts Research
120
2023Price WaterHouse Cooper (PWC)The Economic Impact of Screen Industries in Indonesia (Netflix)
30
2023KominfoPenyusunan Dan Pengukuran Indeks Transformasi Digital Nasional
150
2022Batamindo/Panbil Utilitas Sentosa/Tunas EnergiPenyesuaian Tarif Gas pada Pembangkit Listrik di Wilayah Batam90
2022-2023Go To
The Impact of Go To Integration on Indonesia's Economy
120
2022HUDEV (Human Development Universitas Indonesia)Penelitian dan Pengembangan Strategi Implementasi Program serta Pengukuran Dampak Solusi Ekosistem Digital BAKTI 2022
150
2022AiTI Indonesia (Asosiasi Industri Teknologi Informasi)Study Analisis Peran Industri Manufaktur Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK) (PC, Laptop, CCTV, dan LCD Monitor) Dalam Negeri Terhadap Kondisi Sosio-Ekonomi Indonesia
30
2022JPALPiloting Laku Pandai150
2022Go ToAnalisis Perubahan Pangsa Pasar (Market Share) dan Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) pada Produk Layanan Digital Akibat Transaksi Penggabungan (Merger)Antara Gojek dan Tokopedia (Grup GoTo)
21
2022Kementerian Luar Negeri (Badan Strategi Kebijakan)Strategi Penguatan Kerjasama dengan Negara-Negara Kunci di Kawasan Amerika dalam Rangka Pemulihan Sektor Pariwisata Indonesia Pasca Pandemi180
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